When the going gets tough, the tough reach for their emergency fund
An emergency fund is the backbone of my investment strategy. When stock markets take a huge beating, the thing that keeps me from getting scared out of stocks is a solid emergency fund with a minimum of 6 month’s living expenses. I write about this extensively in my eBook. In this article, I list the 4 best places to keep your emergency fund and why I don’t mix my emergency fund with my investments.
These are the 4 best places to park your emergency fund:
- High-yield savings account
- Short-term U.S. Treasuries (T-Bills)
- Money Market Savings
- Certificate of Deposit (CD)
NUMBER 1: HIGH-YIELD SAVINGS ACCOUNT
If you’re getting less than 1.75% interest on your savings, you’re missing out. There are plenty of savings accounts out there that pay over 1.75% interest.
Most savings are FDIC or NCUA-insured up to $250,000.00. FDIC insures deposits at banks. NCUA insures deposits at credit unions. You can check a bank or credit union’s insured status here:
Look for high-yield savings with:
- Low or no minimum deposit requirements
- No fees
- Ability to create sub-accounts which are great for setting goals
- FDIC or NCUA insured
- Free checking account to easily access your money
NUMBER 2: SHORT-TERM U.S. TREASURIES (T-BILLS)
T-Bills typically pay higher than high-yield savings accounts and only require a $100 minimum. You can purchase durations as low as 4-weeks. They are backed by the full faith and credit of the United States government, which has always repaid its debts for over 200 years.
You can purchase T-Bills directly from the U.S. government at https://www.treasurydirect.gov/
It takes about 15 minutes to sign up for an account. You can then link it to your bank account to start purchasing the Treasuries.
NUMBER 3: MONEY MARKET SAVINGS
Money market savings tend to pay a little higher interest rate than high-yield savings, but they usually require a higher minimum deposit. This is the main reason I prefer high-yield savings accounts over money market accounts, but there’s not much difference.
One advantage of money markets is that they allow check-writing and debit card withdrawals. However, you get the same benefit from your high-yield savings if it’s linked to a free checking account. You just have to take the simple step of transferring the money from your savings to checking.
That being said, either one will do a fine job storing your emergency fund.
NUMBER 4: CERTIFICATE OF DEPOSIT (CD)
I prefer T-Bills over CDs because:
- T-Bills usually pay higher interest than CDs
- You can purchase as low as a 4-week duration T-Bill. Most CDs I’ve seen require a minimum duration of 3 months.
- The minimum deposit requirement for T-Bills is low at $100. Some CDs require a high deposit amount to get their premium rates.
That being said, a high yield short-term CD – 6 months or less is an OK alternative if you don’t feel comfortable buying T-Bills. Just make sure it’s paying significantly better than your savings and money market.
WHAT ABOUT A ROTH IRA?
I’ve seen articles recommending a Roth IRA as an emergency fund. I think that’s a bad idea, and here’s why.
As an investor, the primary purpose of my Roth is to maximize returns. If I start to comingle my investments with my emergency fund, I won’t be able to stay focused on investing. It will also be difficult to track my performance against the market since the emergency fund part of the portfolio would weigh down returns in good years.
That being said, if I’m in dire need of money and my Roth is my only option, then you bet I’ll take money out of it. However, I don’t want to get in the habit of viewing my Roth as an emergency fund for the reasons stated above.
WHERE DOES THE AUTHOR KEEP HIS EMERGENCY FUND?
I personally keep my emergency fund in a high-yield savings account and T-bills.
The high-yield savings account I use is through Alliant Credit Union. These are the things I like about Alliant:
- High Interest: Currently over 1.75% and gets updated regularly as rates change
- No fees: If you sign up for electronic statements
- Low minimum deposit requirements: Check with Alliant for their current requirements
- Sub-accounts: Alliant calls them supplemental accounts and they’re great tools when saving up for specific goals. I give these sub-accounts nicknames like “Fun and Adventure” for my vacation fund or “Sweet Ride” for car maintenance and insurance.
- Free checking that pays interest and reimburses ATM fees: Having a checking account that pays interest is awesome! I don’t use the ATM that much anymore, but it’s nice to get reimbursed.
The T-Bills I own are the 4-week and 8-week duration. I ladder them so that I get a dividend payment every week straight to my savings account. I set them to automatic reinvestment after maturity so I can just set it and forget it. Currently, you can set up automatic reinvestment for up to 2 years.
So there you have it. Let me know what you guys think. Comment and share on social media if you like this content.
Except for Wolves of Investing, I/we are not receiving any compensation from and do not have any business dealings with any companies discussed in this article.
So there you have it. Let me know what you think. If you find this article helpful, please comment and share on social media.
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Donnie Nguyen is the founder and CEO of Wolves of Investing. He started investing in the stock market in the early 2000s. He follows the teachings of Peter Lynch, Warren Buffett, and other investing legends. When he's not investing or blogging, he loves spending time with his family traveling and experiencing the world.
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